Tag Archives: political power

Come on ladies, can we all just get along?

6 Feb


By Bekithemba Mhlanga

The patriarchs and the macho men must have been rolling on the floor with laughter watching the dramatic fallout between Dr Mamphela Ramphele of Agang SA and Hellen Zille of the Democratic Alliance (DA) political parties in South Africa.

Last week the two sisters, one black one white, agreed to gang up against that cultural polygamist and leader of the ANC, Jacob Zuma, at the forthcoming general election with the ultimate political ambition of ‘usurping’ power in this hot bed of a democracy bequeathed to them by Nelson Mandela.

The merged party was billed as creating the strongest challenge to the ANC since it came to power in 1994 and aimed to tap into voter dissatisfaction with President Jacob Zuma and the ANC, under fire over corruption scandals and stubbornly high poverty levels. Ms Ramphele, a medical doctor, was the partner of the late Steve Biko, one of the leaders of the anti-apartheid movement.

On the day of the announcement of the partnership the two sisters were all over each other, sealing the agreement with a kiss – a smacker almost at par with those exchanged by Madonna and her fellow female stage artists in the past. “We are going to take away the excuse of race and challenge the ANC to be judged on its performance,”  Zille announced confidently.

The ANC quickly dismissed the partnership as a “rent-a-black face” arrangement. The sniggering males on social media were even louder and will ring irritatingly for some time to come. “It won’t last,” they said, “what can two women cobble together that lasts?” Others quipped smugly, “Wait until the hormones take over and that will be the end of this relationship, black girls don’t get on with white girls – this will unravel in no time.”

As fate would have it five days later came the announcement – it was all over! The agreement was buried in a slew of personal recriminations and political point-scoring. “Dr Ramphele has demonstrated – once and for all – that she cannot be trusted to see any project through to its conclusion,” said Zille furiously. Ramphele retorted, “Some people cannot or will not transcend party politics. We see people trapped in old-style race-based politics.”

It’s not hard to imagine the discussions that went on in many pubs, offices, homes and political offices across the continent. “That Dr Ramphele and Zille – they say it’s not working,” says Mathew to Andile. “Women – what can you expect …don’t know how to play nicely with each other,” responds Andile, “pass me the beer, will you?” End of story.

Is this a fair assessment?

Perception and fact can be quite different, so let’s get the facts out of the way in the first instance before we settle into the more fun stuff of perception. Corporate research shows that 40% of all workplace bullies are women and that women bully other women 70% of the time. While male bullies take an egalitarian approach in this respect, mowing down men and women in pretty equal measure, women on the other hand prefer their own kind. In the name of Joyce Banda and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf what is going on here?

So what is the perception out there about women’s ability to get along? Not being a fan of laboratory experiments or desk bound research, I did what nature expects one to do when confronted with such nature related questions – I asked others, male and female, why we have this jaundiced view of female relations. There seems to be five major themes to explain this and perhaps not surprisingly in all of them it’s the women’s fault.

  1. Women are under pressure to adopt aggressive behaviour to get ahead and once they’re in a leadership position they still maintain this behaviour. My discussions suggest that this is perceived to be the case in many different contexts and therefore cannot be said to apply to the corporate world only. Whether it’s in a burial society or church group the agro just seems to pop out. It’s just that the intensity rises in direct proportion to the anticipated rewards.
  2. Women see other women as potential threats and competitors. As a man I’ve known lots girls, women, ladies and wives who hate each other for the most smallest of things. The light skinned hate the dark ones, the natural hairs hate the processed, the fat hate the slim, and the intelligent ones hate the not so intelligent ones. So deep seated is the animosity that it can wreck even the most noble business, social and political projects. No need to elaborate on this one then.
  3. The third explanation seems to be of a cultural making – the lack of opportunity for advancement of women thus making women more competitive. This is more so in the African context were women are to be heard not seen and must walk one step behind the men, where their assumed position is to be poor, powerless, pregnant and hungry. As a result every little opportunity to break away from this mould will be pursued with vigour and energy, and woe betide any female who threatens this opportunity. So it’s possible that in their chase for the opportunity to take on Jacob Zuma the two ladies were blinded to some of the basic capacity building steps and consultative exercise, political strategising needed to ensure the success of mergers. Perhaps males would have been more calculating, retreating into some bush and disfiguring locals to build up support before proceeding to engage in any discussions, as was the case with Renamo in Mozambique or the situation in South Sudan.
  4. Another common explanation I was given for the perception that women cannot get along was that women are stereotyped as bullies when that is not necessarily the case. We all know that no one wants to work with bullies so women approach other women with an assumption that they’re bullies and it’s not going to work out which then becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.
  5. Finally it’s said that women are insecure in their leadership positions and feel the necessity to sabotage other women in order to maintain their position of power. I once worked with three women who had such a deep rooted hatred for each other it was unbelievable. The trio, of equal rank, would brief on each other sometimes knowing fully well that the message would ultimately get back to the person they were gossiping about. Unbeknown to them the senior boss knew this and took pleasure in assigning them projects where they had to work together on a routine basis. I never found out whether this was to help them get along or just to create more opportunities for them to inflict more pain on each other.

So back to the story at hand, did the good Dr Mamphele and Zille fall out just because they are females? Probably not, but it’s most likely that many males latched onto this reason precisely because they are females and this explanation played into the hands of gender stereotypes.

Would males have fallen out? Most likely and with one of them left for dead in the process!

Quote of the week – When the missionaries came

6 Apr


When the missionaries came to Africa they had the Bible and we had the land. They said “Let us pray.” We closed our eyes. When we opened them we had the Bible and they had the land.

Desmond Tutu

Why I voted ‘Yes’ for the women of Zimbabwe

31 Mar


By Patience F. Dobah Madambi

Women of Zimbabwe were tired – tired of being seen and treated as secondary citizens to their male counterparts! By coming out in their millions to vote in favour of the draft constitution they raised their voices loud and clear. It was time for change – change of a legal nature and change strong enough to override any cultural and societal beliefs that had kept women yoked despite 33 years of national independence.

For many women, the rest of the document was of little significance…they just wanted to vote yes for the liberties they perceived as long overdue. Certain to be passed into the law of the land by mid-year, here’s what the new constitution holds for Zimbabwean women:

  • Women will have a legal right to challenge any decisions made against them in any situation in the name of culture/tradition or whatever imagined societal beliefs.
  • The new constitution will finally allow women to regard themselves, be seen as and be treated as equal citizens (to men) and they will have the right to apply for and get national documents for their children.  In the past grown women, mature enough to give birth, had no right to apply for these without ‘permission’ from their often irresponsible and vindictive boyfriends, husbands or partners.
  • Women will also have the freedom to travel with their children without being suspected of abduction or expected to get a written and signed affidavit from the children’s father.
  • First born women and girls will no longer be overlooked in favour of a younger sibling based on anatomical makeup.
  • Married women will no longer live in the fear of being homeless once their husbands die as the law will now regard them and the children as the natural heirs.
  • Women will also have equal access to land.
  • Women will also be regarded as equals in the workplace and all other spheres of life including within the home when it comes to issues such as property and inheritance, without necessarily usurping the man as head of the home (but of course!).

These few points might, at a glance, seem minor but do in fact address a lot of social and economic disparities – disparities that left women feeling abandoned and angry.  For instance many women who left the country at the height of economic hardships were forced to leave their small children behind and sometimes the children were barely a month old – simply because the father of the child either refused to allow the woman to register the child or assist in the application of a passport.

There are other exciting new safeguards within the new constitution but the above are the main changes that will make a significant difference in the lives of not only women but children as well who often are in the care of their mothers.

Predictably, there is a large section of men in the country who are up in arms over the declaration that women will be regarded as equal citizens to them.  They are also not happy that some cultural beliefs and practices will be regarded as an infringement on the basic human rights of women and therefore a crime.  There is a general feeling among men that their ‘powers’ have been challenged and taken away!  They fear women will dominate them and strip them of their ‘manly powers’

Unfortunately for the men, as often happens in most African states, they chose not to engage in community consultation meetings and left it to the women to attend community meetings and to do the voting. This time around, the women of Zimbabwe had big reasons to  vote and nothing was going to stop them.  The men of Zimbabwe left it a little too late to register their ‘displeasure’ and have instead resorted to forming men’s organisations to ‘protect their rights!”.